Урок – экскурсия.

Задачи урока:

1) познавательная: развитие социокультурной компетенции через знакомство учащихся с культурой страны изучаемого языка;

2) развивающая: развитие психических функций, связанных с речемыслительной деятельностью;

3) воспитательная: воспитание толерантности к стране изучаемого языка.

Оснащение: карта Великобритании; карта Лондона; картинки с достопримечательностями Лондона; класс оформлен в виде экскурсионного автобуса; классная доска, куда проецируются поочередно изображения, играет роль лобового стекла автобуса.

“Экскурсию” проводят наиболее подготовленные ученики класса. Для “экскурсии” выбираются наиболее известные места и достопримечательности Лондона.

При рассказе о каждой достопримечательности но доску проецируются картинки, фотографии с ее изображением.

Ход урока:

Teacher: Good afternoon, my dear friends! Today we`ll make a tour around London. We`ll visit the most famous sights of London. I hope that you`ll get a great pleasure from this travelling.

Экскурсовод (Э): London is one of the world`s greatest cities and is an important centre of art, entertainment and high finance. Its attractions include royal pageantry, architectural masterpieces, first-class museums and art galleries. Well, let`s start our travelling.

The "City" is the oldest area of London. Today it is one of the world`s leading financial and commercial are represented. The first citizen of the City is the Lord Mayor. He has keys of the City.

The next item of our excursion is the Tower of London. The Tower was built by William the Conqueror. It has served as fortress, palace and state prison. Today The Tower is guarded by the Yeomen Warders, or Beefeaters, who give tours telling the history of the Tower. The large black ravens live in the Tower. It is believed that if they disappear England will fall, so their wings are clipped.

St. Paul`s Cathedral is one of the most famous buildings in the world. It was built by sir Christopher Wren. One of its unplanned features is the famous "Whispering Gallery", where a message whispered into the wall on one side can heard clearly on the other side.

Westminster Abbey has been the coronation place of all 39 English monarchs. Many of the monarchs are buried here. It was called the West Monastery. The Abbey contains about 1000 monuments. They commemorate many great names from British history: ministers, writers and poets.

Here you can see Buckingham Palace, the London residence of the Queen. The first Queen to live there was the young Queen Victoria. Above the State Entrance is the central balcony where the Royal Family appear on occasions of national importance. The Royal standard flying over Buckingham Palace is the sign that the Queen is in the residence.

This Gothic building is the Houses of Parliament, seat of government. The design was made by Charles Barry and Augustus Pugin. The building contains over 1000 rooms, 100 staircases and two miles of corridors. Every year the Queen drives in a horse-drawn carriage amid much pomp and ceremony to open the new session of Parliament.

The clocktower of the Houses of Parliament is known as Big Ben. It was named after sir Benjamin Hall, the First Commissioner of Works. The clock is wound by hand, and tells the precise time.

Look, this is Trafalgar Square. The square was created to commemorate Nelson`s naval Victory at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The great admiral stands on top of Nelson`s Column, with four lions on guard at the base. Every December, the city of Oslo sends a giant fir tree which is erected in the square to act as a focus for Christmas celebrations.

London has a rich cultural heritage. The British Museum houses one of the greatest collections of antiquities representing all the World`s great civilizations. Among its many treasures are the Rosette stone, the Elgin Marbles, the Portland Vase and the collection of Egyptian mummies outside Egypt. British library is situated in the British Museum.

The National Gallery has a collection of Italian, Dutch, German and French pictures. The National Gallery is rich in painting by Italian masters, such as Raphael and Veronese. It also has the pictures of Rembrandt, Rubens and El Greco.

The Tate Gallery opened in 1897 and is named after Sir Henry Tate, who donated his collection of 65 paintings to the nation. Now it is the National Gallery of Modern Painting.

London has many parks and gardens. Hyde Park is one of the best known parks. Originally it was a hunting forest where Henry VIII hunted wild animals. Now it`s popular with horse-riding. In the middle of the park there is the serpentine lake.

Regent`s Park is the home of the London Zoo. There are more than 6000 animals and birds in the Zoo.

В процессе экскурсии учащиеся задают вопросы учащимся. Но если у них возникают затруднения, учитель им помогает.

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